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如何抑制幼兒園小學化 教育部:整治拔苗助長的輔導班
2018-11-29 08:09:00 來源:新浪育兒 作者: 【 】 瀏覽:433次 評論:0

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如何抑制幼兒園小學化?教育部:將整治拔苗助長的輔導班

學前教育小學化和小學非零起點教學是社會關切問題,在今天(11月28日)教育部發布會上,教育部基礎教育司副司長姜瑾回應稱,解決幼兒園小學化的問題恐怕是一個系統工程,需要學校、家庭、社會各方努力。以各種名義辦的“拔苗助長”輔導班,下一步要納到校外培訓機構的整體工作制度中。

不少家長反映,一方面在學前教育進行減負,禁止在幼兒園教授拼音認字等知識,但是另一方面小學未做到真正的零起點教學。導致家長只能把孩子送到課外培訓機構。

對此,姜瑾表示,學前教育小學化的問題的根源主要是應試教育壓力下延帶來家長心理上的恐慌。一些商業機構、校外培訓機構以各種名義辦了各種拔苗助長的課程和培訓班,實際上是對學前教育小學化推波助瀾,造成了現在小學化的問題禁而不止。

“解決小學化的問題恐怕是一個系統工程,需要學校、家庭還有社會方方面面的努力。”姜瑾說。

首先要做好幼兒園和小學的雙向銜接。

從幼兒園的角度,按照《幼兒園教育指導綱要》和《3-6歲兒童學習與發展指南》的要求,孩子進入幼兒園經過三年的時間,根據每個年齡段的兒童身心發展水平和特點,通過游戲的過程促進孩子身心的全面發展,逐步養成孩子良好的生活習慣和學習習慣。

姜瑾表示,有的家長認為提前學了小學的東西就是做準備了,那都不是根本性的準備。應該更多地引導幼兒園根據孩子身心發展水平逐步地為孩子進入小學打好基礎、做好準備,做好科學的準備,而不是拔苗助長的準備。

“下一步,教育部將會同專家和各級教育部門和教研部門研究,加強對幼兒園具體的指導,指導他們能夠更好地、有針對性地促進孩子身心全面發展,做好全身心的入學準備。”姜瑾稱。

從小學的角度,應該給孩子入學留出一定的過渡期,在孩子入學之初根據幼兒園的特點,在教學的進度、教育內容、教育方法上能夠更好地順應學齡前孩子的特點,能夠幫助孩子降低學習的坡度和難度,幫助孩子很好地度過這樣一個過渡期。

其次,姜瑾強調,要做好校內校外的同步治理。小學必須要嚴格地落實零起點教學,必須嚴格地按照我們課程標準規定的教學進度來進行,必須糾正現在非零起點教學的做法和傾向。

“對校外培訓機構和社會上商業機構以各種名義辦的‘拔苗助長’的輔導班,下一步要納入校外培訓機構的整體工作制度里,將這些違規行為納入培訓機構的全面監管,加大監管的力度。”姜瑾表示。

“如果能把小學零起點教學的問題解決了,把社會機構違規舉辦拔苗助長的輔導班問題解決了,就能從根本上鏟除小學化滋生的一些土壤,能夠讓家長真正安心、放心,不再被迫加入搶跑的隊伍。”

此外,姜瑾認為,還要通過多種方式、多種途徑轉變家長的觀念。消除家長的顧慮,特別是更多地宣傳小學化的危害。

新京報記者 王俊 見習編輯 于音 校對 陸愛英

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